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While medical interventions are essential, the role of nutrition in hyperthyroidism treatment should not be underestimated.

Hyperthyroidism is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroid hormone in the body. This condition, also known as overactive thyroid, can lead to rapid heartbeat, weight loss, increased appetite, and anxiety.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped endocrine gland that is responsible for various bodily functions such as heart rate, breathing, digestion, and body temperature. Any increase or decrease in the production of hormones by the thyroid gland can result in thyroid conditions known as hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism.


Hyperthyroidism, also known as overactive thyroid, is mainly caused by an autoimmune disease called Grave’s disease. Some of the symptoms of hyperthyroidism include difficulty sleeping, muscle weakness, frequent bowel movements, and sweating.

Hyperthyroidism Treatment: The Role of Nutrition in Managing Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism treatment: Nutrition plays a vital role in managing overactive thyroid conditions because certain nutrients are essential for thyroid function. If there is an imbalance in such nutrients, it can affect the production of thyroid hormones and the functioning of the thyroid gland.

In hyperthyroidism, excess iodine in the food can lead to a rise in the levels of thyroid hormones. Therefore, with the help of a balanced diet consuming foods low in iodine, maintaining iron levels in the body, and taking an adequate amount of vitamin D, people can manage symptoms related to hyperthyroidism.

The Best Foods to Eat in Hyperthyroidism

Let’s discuss some of the best options for foods that can be consumed if you have hyperthyroidism.

  1. Low-iodine diet

People who have hyperthyroidism should eat foods that are low in iodine, as iodine can increase the production of thyroid hormones. It is advised by doctors to consume a diet of less than 50 mcg per day for people dealing with hyperthyroidism.

Food options such as egg whites, fresh fruits and vegetables, oats, honey, unsalted nuts and butter can help maintain the required amount of iodine in the body.

2. Selenium-rich foods

Food items such as Brazil nuts, mushrooms, rice, and chia seeds are a great source of selenium that can help balance thyroid hormones in the body. Selenium is an essential micronutrient that is required for the metabolism of thyroid hormones. Other benefits of selenium include preventing cell damage and keeping other tissues healthy. If you’re dealing with hyperthyroidism, you can also eat a limited amount of chicken and turkey.

3. Cruciferous Vegetables

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Cruciferous vegetables are a very good option for people with hyperthyroidism. Certain compounds in cruciferous vegetables can reduce the uptake of iron by the thyroid gland. Some of the best food options for cruciferous vegetables are cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, and Brussels sprouts.

4. Iron-enriched foods

People dealing with overactive thyroid conditions are likely to consume low levels of iron. Iron is an essential nutrient that controls various body functions, like thyroid health. To maintain the iron levels in the body, people can include raisins, dark chocolate, spinach, and chickpeas in their diet.

Foods Not to Eat During Hyperthyroidism

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Several foods should be avoided by people with hyperthyroidism, as the excess consumption of those foods can interfere with thyroid functioning. It can also worsen the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. 

  • Caffeine

People dealing with hyperthyroidism should avoid caffeine as it can worsen several symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as anxiety, nervousness, and rapid heart rate. Therefore, limiting coffee, tea, and sodas can help manage symptoms associated with hyperthyroidism.

  • Soy foods

Soy products such as tofu, soy milk, soy sauce, and others are found to have a negative impact on people with overactive thyroid conditions.

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  • Sugary & processed foods

People dealing with hyperthyroidism are advised to avoid sugary and processed foods as they may contribute to inflammation and affect thyroid function.


Hyperthyroidism is an overactive thyroid condition that can cause symptoms such as muscle weakness and difficulty sleeping. Consuming an adequate amount of nutrition can help manage symptoms related to hyperthyroidism. You should include iron-rich foods, cruciferous vegetables, whole wheat, fresh fruits, and selenium-rich foods in your diet that can keep your thyroid hormone levels balanced and regulate proper thyroid functioning.

If you’re dealing with an overactive thyroid condition, you can reach out to Ayursparsh Clinic & Panchakarma Center which is a renowned wellness center in Dharwad, Karnataka, for treating various health conditions.

To get a personalised diet plan for your thyroid problem you can contact Dr. Rashmi C. Patil, MD (Ayu).

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